09/20/2020
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SOCIAL IMPACT OF THE USE OF CHEMICAL PESTICIDES IN THE WORLD

By on 07/28/2020 0
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Camilo Cienfuegos” SLAUGHTERHOUSE UNIVERSITY Faculty of Agronomy

INTRODUCTION With the development of humanity, man has been able to dominate nature, however, at present, when a vertiginous scientific-technical progress is being developed, this very high development that should be directed to improve every day the well-being of man is at risk of being used against nature and therefore leads to the destruction of man himself and future generations. There are obvious examples of the destructive action of man on his environment over the years, man is the ultimate responsible for what he must avoid by all means the break of the ecological balance before it is too late. In the last decade the topics on ecology are frequent in congresses and international events in addition they are news in the mass media in the world, the disappearance of the species, the desertification, the contamination of the seas, the degradation of the grounds, the acid rain, the effect conservatory, the quality of the life, constitute object of analysis and permanent debates for what it has turned more than a social concern into a world-wide problem and they are analyzed by the governments of many countries. The risks of an ecological disaster are increasingly related to the disappearance of man from the face of the earth. Far from pursuing his growing desire to dominate nature, man must try to use science to decipher its mysteries and enigmas in order to better understand the phenomena that occur there and to try to live freely in harmony with it, trying to affect it as little as possible with the transformations that society needs to make in order to develop (Diaz, 1999). Already at the end of the last century, faced with the difficulties encountered by man in mastering the many ways in which pests attacked and besieged him, he had to resort to chemical means, i.e., pesticides. The advent of the twentieth century marked a turning point in the development of science and technology for humanity, which revolutionized our relations with nature. Among the achievements of science and technology in this century was the formation of an immense arsenal of chemical pesticides that would ensure increased harvests. The organic chemistry of pesticides, born a little more than 30 years ago, put in their hands the most deadly chemical weapons for pest control, ever dreamed of by man. Pesticides: This is the terminology used to define all those inorganic, natural organic or synthetic organic chemicals that are used to eliminate all those organisms that cause us harm or compete with us in obtaining agricultural products, either in the field itself or after storage. Pesticides even in very small concentrations are very toxic for crustaceans, since they are used in agriculture, when carried by the water cause the death of fish, some of these products are carcinogenic. Márquez,1999 From the preventive and remedial point of view, chemical control (pesticides) is one of the most effective methods man has to defend himself against his enemies, because it produces short-term benefits. However, this method of control, applied indiscriminately or because of its cumulative effect, causes various impacts such as ecological imbalance, environmental pollution, poisoning and severe damage to human health, to name but a few. That is why the objectives of our work are aimed at 1. Address some of the social impacts caused by the indiscriminate use of pesticides. 2. To reflect the different alternatives that the world is using to counteract their effects

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